Right to Health
The International Convention on Human Rights states that “health” is one of the basic human rights of human beings. Everyone should have protection in medical services to reflect the right to health. Further describe the relationship between health rights and medical services in Article 12 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights:
12.1 The States Parties to the present Covenant recognize the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health.
12.2 The steps to be taken by the States Parties to the present Covenant to achieve the full realization of this right shall include those necessary for:
(a) The provision for the reduction of the stillbirth-rate and of infant mortality and for the healthy development of the child;
(b) The improvement of all aspects of environmental and industrial hygiene;
(c) The prevention, treatment and control of epidemic, endemic, occupational and other diseases;
(d) The creation of conditions which would assure to all medical service and medical attention in the event of sickness.
(International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Article 12)
As one of the contracting governments of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Hong Kong has the responsibility to take positive measures and implement it in order to achieve the ideals of protecting human rights in human rights conventions.